The Apple pc that commenced all of it, a Nazi German cipher gadget and a 14th-century "clock" are many of the gadgets available for buy inside the "Seven Centuries of technological know-how" sale, a web auction hosted by using Christie's public sale residence in London. The sale, which kicked off the day gone by (Oct. 15), capabilities gadgets which have superior scientific information considering the fact that medieval times. here are a number of the maximum traditionally large items up for grabs.
Wednesday, October 5, 2016
Robert Lawrence Kuhn is the writer, writer and host of "toward reality," a public television series and on line aid that capabilities the sector's main thinkers exploring humanity's deepest questions. Kuhn is co-editor with John Leslie, of "The mystery of existence: Why Is There something at all?" (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013). this article is based totally on "closer to fact" interviews produced and directed by using Peter Getzels and streamed at www.closertotruth.com. Kuhn contributed this article to live technology's professional Voices: Op-Ed & Insights.
in keeping with techno-futurists, the exponential development of generation in wellknown and artificial intelligence (“AI”) particularly — consisting of the entire virtual replication of human brains — will notably transform humanity thru revolutions. the first is the "singularity," when artificial intelligence will redecorate itself recursively and steadily, such that AI becomes massively greater powerful than human intelligence ("superstrong AI"). the second revolution might be "digital immortality," when the fullness of our intellectual selves can be uploaded flawlessly to nonbiological media (along with silicon chips), and our intellectual selves will stay on beyond the death of our fleshy, bodily our bodies.
AI singularity and virtual immortality could mark a startling, transhuman world that techno-futurists envision as inevitable and possibly simply over the horizon. They do no longer question whether their imaginative and prescient can be actualized; they best debate when will it arise, with estimates starting from 10 to one hundred years. [Artificial Intelligence: Friendly or Frightening? ]
i'm not so sure. virtually, i'm a skeptic — no longer because I doubt the science, however because I assignment the philosophical foundation of the claims. recognition is the elephant inside the room, and most techno-futurists do now not see it. something recognition can be, it affects the character of the AI singularity and determines whether or not digital immortality is even viable.
it's miles an open query, post-singularity, whether or not superstrong AI without inner awareness could be in all respects just as powerful as superstrong AI with inner attention, and in no respects poor? In different words, are there types of cognition that, in principle or of necessity, require proper cognizance? For assessing the AI singularity, the query of focus is profound .
attention is a major subject matter of "in the direction of reality," and a few of the subtopics I talk with scientists and philosophers on the application is the conventional "thoughts-frame trouble" — what is the relationship among the mental thoughts in our minds and the bodily brains in our heads? what's the deep purpose of consciousness? (All charges that follow are from "closer to truth.")
NYU truth seeker David Chalmers famously defined the "difficult trouble" of consciousness: "Why does it sense like something inner? Why is all our mind processing — widespread neural circuits and computational mechanisms — followed by using aware revel in? Why can we have this outstanding internal movie happening in our minds? I do not suppose the difficult trouble of consciousness may be solved merely in terms of neuroscience."
"Qualia" are the middle of the thoughts-frame-problem. "Qualia are the raw sensations of experience," Chalmers said. "I see shades — reds, vegetables, blues — and they sense a sure manner to me. I see a pink rose; I listen a clarinet; I odor mothballs. All of those sense a positive manner to me. You should revel in them to understand what they're like. you may offer a super, whole map of my brain [down to elementary particles] — what's happening after I see, listen, scent — but if i haven't visible, heard, smelled for myself, that mind map isn't going to inform me about the high-quality of seeing crimson, listening to a clarinet, smelling mothballs. You ought to revel in it."
Can a pc be aware?
To Berkeley logician John Searle, laptop applications can by no means have a thoughts or be aware within the human sense, even though they give rise to equal behaviors and interactions with the outside world. (In Searle's "chinese language Room" argument, someone inside a closed space can use a rule book to fit chinese language characters with English words and as a consequence seem to understand chinese language, whilst, in reality, she does no longer.) however, I asked Searle, "Will it ever be viable, with hyperadvanced era, for nonbiological intelligences to be conscious within the identical feel that we're aware? Can computers have 'internal enjoy'?"
"it's like the query, 'Can a machine artificially pump blood as the heart does?'" Searle responded. "certain it can — we have synthetic hearts. So if we can recognise precisely how the mind reasons recognition, all the way down to its greatest info, I don't see any impediment, in principle, to building a conscious gadget. this is, if you knew what turned into causally sufficient to produce attention in humans and if you could have that [mechanism] in any other device, then you definitely would produce attention in that different device. observe which you don't need neurons to have cognizance. it is like saying you don't want feathers if you want to fly. but to build a flying system, you do need enough causal power to conquer the force of gravity."
"the only mistake we have to avoid," Searle suggested, "is supposing that if you simulate it, you duplicate it. A deep mistake embedded in our famous way of life is that simulation is equivalent to duplication. however of course it isn't. a perfect simulation of the brain — say, on a pc — might be no greater aware than a really perfect simulation of a rainstorm could make us all wet."
To robotics entrepreneur (and MIT professor emeritus) Rodney Brooks, "there's no motive we couldn't have a conscious system made from silicon." Brooks' view is a natural consequence of his beliefs that the universe is mechanistic and that awareness, which appears unique, is an phantasm. He claims that, due to the fact the outside behaviors of a human, animal or maybe a robot may be similar, we "idiot ourselves" into thinking "our internal feelings are so precise."
are we able to ever simply verify cognizance?
"I don't know in case you're conscious. You do not know if i am aware," stated Princeton college neuroscientist Michael Graziano. "however we've got a form of intestine actuality approximately it. that is because an assumption of consciousness is an attribution, a social attribution. And while a robot acts like it is aware and might talk about its personal attention, and whilst we engage with it, we are able to necessarily have that social notion, that gut feeling, that the robotic is conscious.
"but can you without a doubt ever know if there may be 'all of us domestic' internally, if there may be any inner enjoy?" he endured. "All we do is compute a assemble of cognizance."
Warren Brown, a psychologist at Fuller Theological Seminary and a member of UCLA's mind studies Institute, stressed "embodied cognition, embodied awareness," in that "biology is the richest substrate for embodying cognizance." but he didn't rule out that attention "is probably embodied in some thing nonbiological." on the other hand, Brown speculated that "attention can be a particular sort of enterprise of the world that just can't be replicated in a nonbiological system."
Neuroscientist Christof Koch, president and chief scientific officer of the Allen Institute for mind technological know-how, disagrees. "i am a functionalist when it comes to focus," he said. "so long as we will reproduce the [same kind of] applicable relationships amongst all of the applicable neurons inside the brain, I suppose we are able to have recreated consciousness. The tough component is, what will we mean with the aid of 'applicable relationships'? Does it suggest we need to reproduce the individual motions of all the molecules? unlikely. it is much more likely that we need to recreate all of the [relevant relationships of the relevant] synapses and the wiring ("connectome") of the mind in a extraordinary medium, like a laptop. If we will do all of this at the proper level, this software program construct would be aware."
I asked Koch if he'd be "comfortable" with nonbiological focus.
"Why must I now not be?" he replied. "consciousness doesn't require any magical element."
Radical visions of recognition
a brand new theory of cognizance — advanced by Giulio Tononi, a neuroscientist and psychiatrist on the university of Wisconsin (and supported by using Koch) — is based on "incorporated facts" such that wonderful aware experiences are represented through distinct structures in a heretofore unknown sort of area. "incorporated statistics theory method which you want a totally unique type of mechanism organized in a unique form of way to enjoy cognizance," Tononi said. "A conscious revel in is a maximally decreased conceptual shape in a space referred to as 'qualia space.' think about it as a shape. however now not an regular shape — a form seen from the internal."
Tononi confused that simulation is "not the actual element." To be honestly aware, he said, an entity should be "of a certain type that could constrain its beyond and future — and in reality a simulation isn't of that kind."
regarding the promise of brain replication to obtain virtual immortality, Tononi is not convinced. according to his idea of included statistics, "what might most likely take place is, you will create a super 'zombie' — anyone who acts precisely such as you, any individual whom different human beings would mistake for you, but you would not be there."
Inventor and futurist extraordinaire Ray Kurzweil believes that "we will get to a degree wherein computer systems will evidence the rich array of emotionally subtle kinds of behavior that we see in humans; they may be very sensible, and they'll declare to be conscious. they will act in ways which might be conscious; they will speak approximately their personal attention and argue approximately it simply the way you and that i do. And so the philosophical debate can be whether or now not they clearly are aware — and they may be collaborating in the debate."
Kurzweil argues that assessing the attention of different [possible] minds isn't always a systematic question. "we will talk scientifically about the neurological correlates of awareness, however essentially, cognizance is that this subjective experience that best i will enjoy. I ought to simplest talk approximately it in first-character phrases (although i have been sufficiently socialized to simply accept different people's awareness). there is in reality no manner to measure the conscious studies of every other entity."
"however i might accept that these nonbiological intelligences are aware," Kurzweil concluded. "And that'll be handy, due to the fact if I don't, they'll get mad at me."
I provide two conjectures. the primary is that the character of the AI singularity differs profoundly within the case where it is literally conscious, with humanlike internal focus, from the case in which it isn't always actually conscious — even though in both instances superstrong AI is vastly more intelligent than human beings and by all money owed appears to be equally conscious. This difference between being aware and appearing aware would emerge as even greater essential if, by using a few goal, absolute standard, humanlike internal consciousness conveys a few form of intrinsic worthiness to entities manifesting it. I consider the declare that once superstrong AI exceeds some threshold, technological know-how should never, even in precept, distinguish actual internal cognizance from apparent inner attention. but I do no longer agree with what generally follows: that this everlasting uncertainty approximately inner awareness and conscious enjoy in other entities (nonbiological or organic) makes the query beside the point. I think the query maximally relevant.
My 2nd conjecture, of which i'm extra certain, is that except humanlike internal cognizance can be absolutely recreated, even synthesized, by way of physical manipulations on my own, importing one's neural patterns and pathways, but whole, should by no means keep the unique, first-person mental self (the private "I"), and digital immortality could be not possible. (even as it absolutely seems viable, given escalating technologies, to embed hyperadvanced hardware in brains — repairing harm, augmenting functions, transmitting mind — such improvements, irrespective of how superior, would not mean reproducing or moving first-person attention. They wouldn't even be within the equal category.)
alternative causes of awareness
through my conversations (and decades of night time-musings), i've arrived at 5 alternative causes of recognition (there can be others). traditionally, the selection is between physicalism/materialism (No. 1 under) and dualism (No. 4), but the other three opportunities deserve attention.
1.cognizance is completely bodily, totally the made of physical mind, which, at its private tiers, accommodates the fields and debris of fundamental physics. that is "physicalism" or "materialism," and it is overwhelmingly the prevailing idea of scientists. To many materialists, the utter physicality of attention is extra an assumed premise than a derived end.
2.cognizance is an independent, nonreducible feature of physical reality that exists in addition to the fields and particles of essential physics. this will take the shape of a new, unbiased (5th?) physical pressure or of a greatly new agency of fact (e.g., ‘qualia area’ as postulated by way of integrated data principle).
three.awareness is a nonreducible characteristic of every and every physical discipline and particle of essential physics. the entirety that exists has a kind of "proto-recognition," which, in sure aggregates and below positive conditions, can generate human-stage inner recognition. this is "panpsychism," one of the oldest theories in philosophy of thoughts (going returned to pre-present day animistic religions and the historical Greeks). Panpsychism, in numerous paperwork, is an idea being revived by using some cutting-edge philosophers in response to the seemingly intractable "tough trouble" of recognition.
4.focus requires a extensively separate, nonphysical substance this is unbiased of a bodily mind, such that reality consists of radically disparate elements — physical and nonphysical materials, divisions, dimensions or planes of existence. this is "dualism." while human consciousness calls for both a physical brain and this non-physical substance (by some means running collectively), following the demise of the body and the dissolution of the mind, this nonphysical substance of or with the aid of itself ought to preserve a few form of aware lifestyles. (even though this nonphysical substance is traditionally called a “soul” — a term that contains heavy theological implications — a soul isn't always at all of the only type of aspect that this type of nonphysical substance can be.)
five.attention is last fact; the handiest aspect it's clearly real is recognition — the whole thing, such as the entire physical global, is derived from an all-encompassing "cosmic consciousness." every individual instance of recognition — human, animal, robot or in any other case — is a part of this cosmic attention. jap religions, in general, espouse this form of view. (See Deepak Chopra for contemporary arguments that last fact is recognition.)
Will superstrong AI be aware?
i'm no longer going to evaluate every competing reason of consciousness. (that would require a course, now not a column.) instead, for every cause, i will speculate whether or not nonbiological intelligences with superstrong AI (following the AI singularity) will be aware and own internal consciousness.
1.If attention is totally bodily, then it would be almost truely genuine that nonbiological intelligences with superstrong AI could have the same type of inner cognizance that we do. moreover, as AI would rush beyond the singularity and come to be ineffably greater state-of-the-art than the human brain, it might likely explicit forms of recognition better than we these days should even consider.
2.If cognizance is an unbiased, nonreducible feature of physical truth, then it might stay an open question whether or not nonbiological intelligences may want to ever enjoy actual inner recognition. (it might rely upon the deep nature of the awareness-causing function and whether or not this option might be manipulated through generation.)
three.If focus is a nonreducible belongings of each and every elementary bodily area and particle (panpsychism), then it would appear probable that nonbiological intelligences with superstrong AI should experience proper internal cognizance (due to the fact attention might be an intrinsic a part of the material of physical fact).
four.If recognition is a greatly separate, nonphysical substance not causally determined by means of the bodily world (dualism), then it'd seem not possible that superstrong AI (by myself), no matter how advanced, ought to ever enjoy actual inner focus.
five.If awareness is remaining fact (cosmic focus), then whatever could be (or is) aware (whatever which can mean), inclusive of nonbiological intelligences.
consider, in every of those cases, nobody should hit upon, the use of any conceivable clinical take a look at, whether the nonbiological intelligences with superstrong AI had the inner attention of authentic cognizance.
In all elements of behavior and communications, these nonbiological intelligences would seem to be same to (or superior to) humans. however if these nonbiological intelligences did now not, in truth, have the felt experience of inner enjoy, they could be "zombies" ("philosophical zombies" to be precise), externally same to conscious beings, however blank internal.
And this dichotomy elicits (a piece circularly) our probative query: whether authentic aware experience and inner awareness in nonbiological intelligences could result in special, richer cognitions (however diffused and undetectable) or constitute better styles of absolute, well-known price (but anthropomorphic this could appear).
Is digital immortality viable?
Now, what approximately virtual immortality — digitizing and importing the fullness of 1's first-character mental self (the "I") from wet, soft, physical brains that die and rot to new, extra permanent (nonbiological) media or substrates? ought to this definitely paintings?
once more, the possibilities for digital immortality relate to every of the alternative reasons of awareness.
1. If focus is completely physical, then our first-person mental self might be uploadable, and some kind of digital immortality might be potential. The era may take loads or lots of years — no longer decades, as techno-optimists agree with — however barring human-wide disaster, it'd happen.
2. If cognizance is an unbiased, nonreducible characteristic of bodily reality, then it would be viable that our first-man or woman mental self will be uploadable — although much less truly than in No. 1 above, because not knowing what this awareness-inflicting function could be, we could not recognise whether it may be manipulated by using era, regardless of how superior. however due to the fact awareness would nonetheless be bodily, efficacious manipulation and a success importing could seem possible.
three. If awareness is a nonreducible function of every and each elementary physical area and particle (panpsychism), then it might appear in all likelihood that our first-individual intellectual self could be uploadable, due to the fact there might probably be regularities in the way debris might want to be aggregated to provide cognizance, and if regularities, then superior technology should learn how to manage them.
4. If cognizance is a notably separate, nonphysical substance (dualism), then it might seem impossible to upload our first-person mental self by digitally replicating the brain, because a essential purpose of our focus, this nonphysical issue, could be absent.
five. If attention is remaining reality, then recognition would exist of itself, with none bodily conditions. but would the precise digital pattern of a whole physical brain (derived, in this case, from cognizance) choose a selected section of the cosmic consciousness (i.e., our unique first-person intellectual self)? it's no longer clear, in this excessive case, that uploading could make a lot difference (or an awful lot experience).
In trying to differentiate those alternatives, i'm bothered by using a easy remark. anticipate that an ideal virtual replication of my brain does, in fact, generate human-degree focus (truely opportunity 1, likely 2, possibly 3, now not four, 5 doesn’t rely). this will suggest that my first-individual self and private cognizance can be uploaded to a brand new medium (nonbiological or maybe, for that rely, a new biological frame). however if "I" can be replicated once, then I may be replicated twice; and if twice, then an unlimited range of instances.
So, what occurs to my first-character inner attention? What takes place to my "I"?
wherein is my first-person internal awareness placed? where am I?
each of the 5 replicas would nation with unabashed actuality that he is "Robert Kuhn," and no person may want to dispute them. (For simplicity of the argument, physical appearances of the clones are neutralized.) Inhabiting my unique frame, i'd also claim to be the real “me,” however I couldn't show my precedence.
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i will body the question greater precisely. comparing my inner attention from proper before to right after the replications, will I experience or sense in a different way? right here are four obvious possibilities, with their implications:
1.I do not experience any distinction in my first-man or woman recognition. this would suggest that the 5 replicates are like wonderful-equal twins — they're independent conscious entities, such that each starts offevolved instantly to diverge from the others. this would mean that cognizance is the local expression or manifestation of a hard and fast of bodily factors or patterns. (An alternative clarification might be that the replicates are zombies, and not using a internal consciousness — a price, of direction, they'll deny and denounce.)
2.My first-person consciousness unexpectedly has six parts — my original and the five replicates in special places — and they all by some means merge or blur collectively into a unmarried conscious frame, the six aware entities fusing right into a unmarried composite (if no longer coherent) "image." in this way, the unified impact of my six aware facilities might be just like the "binding problem" on steroids. (The binding problem in psychology asks how do our separate experience modalities like sight and sound come collectively such that our normal aware enjoy feels singular and clean, no longer constructed up from discrete, disparate elements). this would suggest that focus has a few kind of overarching presence or a form of supra-physical structure.
3.My private first-person attention shifts from one conscious entity to some other, or fragments, or fractionates. those states are logically (if remotely) possible, however most effective, I suppose, if recognition could be an imperfect, incomplete emanation of evolution, without essential grounding.
4.My personal first-man or woman consciousness disappears upon replication, even though every of the six (original plus five) claims to be the unique and truly believes it. (This, too, could make recognition even more mysterious.)
suppose, after the replicates are made, the unique (me) is destroyed. What then? almost truly my first-man or woman cognizance would vanish, even though every of the five replicates might assert indignantly that he's the real "Robert Kuhn" and could suggest, possibly smugly, no longer to worry over the deceased and discarded original.
At a while in the future, assuming that the deep purpose of cognizance permits this, the era can be equipped. If I were round, might I put up? i'd, because i'm assured that 1 (above) is actual and a pair of, 3 and 4 are fake, and that the replication method would not have an effect on my first-person mental self one whit. (So I positive would not let them destroy the authentic.)
The tank, formally referred to as a Medium Tank, M4, is greater often known as the M4 Sherman (named after William Tecumseh Sherman, an American Civil struggle popular). Sherman tanks were the most commonly used tank via united states troops, as well as sure other Allied troops, at some stage in WWII.
however the version of the tank sold inside the recent auction wasn't just any Sherman M4; it was the first actual Sherman tank produced by way of Montreal Locomotive Works for the Canadian navy. recognized in Canada as Grizzly I cruisers, simplest 188 of those barely modified M4 tanks have been produced in Canada between 1943 and 1944. Like its American counterpart, the Canadian Grizzly has a vertical volute spring suspension device (an advancement that made the Sherman tank more reliable and more comfortable to ride in than in advance tanks). Atop the main body of the tank is a rotating turret that holds a seventy five mm gun. each the Canadian and American variations boast a nine-cylinder, 350-horsepower radial engine, with every tank normally wearing 5 crewmembers.
The current sale of the Canadian tank occurred on-line thru the big apple-based auction platform Bidsquare. The tank turned into offered Wednesday (Oct. 14) by means of H&H Classics, an auction residence that specializes in the sale of automobiles and motorcycles. different Sherman tanks had been auctioned off within the U.S. in latest years. In 2014, several different versions of the Sherman tank have been sold at public sale. the most important of those, an M4A3E2 "Jumbo" Sherman attack tank, bought for extra than $1 million.
The Grizzly, which sold for lots less than the outsized assault tank, desires a piece of work to its electrical device and hydraulic cables to get it up and strolling, in line with Bidsquare. In other phrases, a Canadian army tank should soon be rolling in the direction of a town near you.
The improvement of this a ways-out transport gadget is being led by way of the protection advanced research initiatives organisation (DARPA), the department of the U.S. department of protection charged with growing new technologies for the U.S. army. numerous years in the past, DARPA launched its Vanishing Programmable assets (VAPR) software, which is dedicated to building small electronic structures that do their jobs after which self-destruct.
even though it might sound counterintuitive to construct something it really is going to vanish, self-destructing systems are useful for a number conditions, in step with DARPA. as an example, sophisticated technologies (which include environmental sensors or communications equipment) are often used on battlefields and then are left behind, wherein they can be scooped up with the aid of folks who are not legal to apply them, making them unstable. Discarded electronics also pose a danger to the environment as they rust and decompose. but electronics that just disappear are not saddled with these issues, DARPA officials stated.
VAPR researchers have already advanced a few substances which can disappear into thin air, which include a small polymer panel that literally is going "poof," converting from a strong right into a fuel. Researchers additionally evolved a pitcher material embedded with electronics that shatters into tiny particles after use.
"With the development made in VAPR, it became possible to assume building larger, greater strong systems the use of those materials for a good wider array of programs," Troy Olsson, DARPA's VAPR program supervisor, stated in a assertion.
creating vanishing delivery motors is the following order of commercial enterprise for DARPA, which recently introduced a new software known as ICARUS — short for Inbound, managed, Air-Releasable, Unrecoverable structures — to increase the technology.
this system is named for the Icarus of Greek mythology, whose waxy wings melted when he flew too close to the solar. The mythological individual fell into the sea and drowned. however a happier finishing is expected for DARPA's ICARUS, which calls for the "design and prototyping of vanishing air transport motors capable of specific, gentle drops of small payloads."
The flying motors can be used to deliver substances which include meals, water and vaccines to people residing in faraway elements of the sector, or to transport materials to people who've been stranded with the aid of herbal disasters. usually, the groups that distribute such substances both go back to accumulate the cars they used to drop the elements or depart the cars on the floor to decompose. the option to just drop some thing out of a plane and then totally forget about it hasn't existed, according to DARPA.
just don't count on these vanishing vehicles to update your nearby mail delivery man or woman or maybe excessive-tech shipping drones. DARPA said the apparently magical gadgets would be used simplest in "extenuating occasions" wherein no different transport alternatives are feasible.
Jazz-gambling computer systems and robots could soon yield clues approximately how to help human beings collaborate with machines, researchers say.
the brand new task, called MUSICA (brief for Musical Improvising Collaborative Agent), targets to expand a musical tool which can improvise a jazz solo in response to human partners, simply as real jazz musicians improvise along each other.
MUSICA is a part of a new program from the defense advanced research tasks agency (DARPA), the branch of the U.S.navy responsible for growing new technology. The undertaking is designed to explore new methods that people can have interaction with computer systems and robots.
"there may be clearly a preference for greater natural styles of communications with computational structures as they develop in their capability to be clever," Ben Grosser, an assistant professor of new media on the college of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, instructed stay science. "a variety of us are acquainted with numerous techniques of interacting with computer systems, which include text-based totally and touch-primarily based interfaces, but language-based totally interfaces together with Siri or Google Now are extremely constrained in their abilities."
Grosser and his colleague Kelland Thomas, an companion professor of tune at the university of Arizona, are developing MUSICA to discover how human beings can talk with each other with out language. "that could make interactions between people and machines loads deeper," said Grosser, who himself is a jazz trumpeter. "when it comes to jazz, you feel the song as a whole lot as you hear and consider it — you react instinctively to matters that are happening."
To develop a machine able to playing improvisational jazz, the researchers will create a database of jazz solos from a selection of musicians and feature computers analyze the recordings to figure out the numerous approaches that come into play when a musician improvises. The researchers will then develop a performance machine to analyze the components of human jazz performances, including the beat, pitch, harmony and rhythm. The device will also consider what it has discovered approximately jazz solos to talk and reply musically in real time.
"Our intention is to by way of next summer time gift a 'call and solution' device to DARPA, in which i can play a line of song, and the device will examine that line and provide a solution as near real time as viable," Grosser said.
The researchers admit the task may additionally seem unusual.
"let's face it — looking to develop a device which could play jazz is a loopy concept," Grosser stated. "it is not going to be Miles Davis. I think if we are able to make this component play like a high schooler, we're going to absolutely have performed our activity."
in the long run, Grosser was hoping this research should shed mild on the nature of the innovative process. "by way of finding the limits of computational creativity, we will get a different understanding of human creativity, on our personal creative strategies," Grosser said.